Fisheries sector in India


India has over 8,000 km of coastline, and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km, and extensive freshwater resources.

Thus, fisheries play a vital role in the economy of the country with the practice contributing about 1.07 per cent to the GDP (Gross Domestic Product).

Fisheries in India makes up to 5.3 per cent to agriculture and allied activities.
The inland capture fish production has increased from 192,000 tonnes in 1950 to 781,846 tonnes in 2007.

कारगिल दिवस २६ जुलाई

२६ जुलाई भारत में कारगिल विजय दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाता है।

इस दिन (२६ जुलाई १९९९) को भारत ने कारगिल के युद्ध में पाकिस्तान को हरा कर पहाड़ों पर स्थित अपने post (चौकियों) को वापस जीता था।

कारगिल युद्ध लगभग ६० दिनों से भी ज्यादा तक चला और २६ जुलाई १९९९ को समाप्त हुआ।

आज के दिन देश के प्रधानमंत्री अमर जवान ज्योति (इंडिया गेट) पर सैनिकों को श्रद्धांजली देते हैं।

इतिहासिक दृष्टिकोण

१९९७ में अंग्रेजो ने भारत तो छोड़ा ही और पीछे छोड़ गए भारत का बटवारा और इनके बीच कश्मीर जमीनी विवाद।

पाकिस्तान १९९७ से ही भारत के खिलाफ एक नकारात्मक दृष्टिकोण भारत पर लगातार अटैक करता रहा। भारत ने हर बार मुंहतोड़ जबाव दिया चाहे वो १९६५ हो या १९७२.

१९७२ के युद्ध के बाद शिमला समझौता हुआ जिससे भारत और पाकिस्तान के रिश्तों को सही करने का मार्ग दिखा।

लेकिन जैसा कि हमें पता है पाकिस्तान एक deep state (यानी सेना का राज) है लोकतंत्र पूरी तरह से विकसित नहीं हो सका जिसका खामियाजा भारत को भोगना पड़ रहा है।

१९७२ के युद्ध के बाद पाकिस्तान को ये पूरी तरह से समझ आ गया कि वो भारत को सामने के युद्ध में नहीं हरा सकता और उसने आतंकवाद की सहायता लिया जो भारत से एक तरीके के युद्ध के रूप में प्रसारित किया जो उनके लिए पूर्ण रूप से आर्थिक रूप से ठीक था।

इस तरह पाकिस्तान ने कश्मीर में आतंकवाद को बढ़ावा दिया और अशांति फैलाया।

इस दौरान कई बार सियाचिन ग्लेशियर पे अपना आधिपत्य स्थापित करने की कोशिश की लेकिन हर बार हमारी सेना मुंहतोड़ जबाव देती रही।

पाकिस्तान के सैनिक नीति “भारत को हजार घवर देना” उनके आतंकवाद को बढ़ावा देने से कहीं ना कहीं पूर्ण हो रहा था।

लोकतांत्रिक तरीके से कई प्रयास करें गए दोनों देशों के बीच रिश्तों को सुधारने का किन्तु हमेशा असफल रहे।

जिनमे से शिमला समझौता फिर आगरा समझौता और फिर लाहौर समझौता फरवरी १९९९ को कश्मीर के मुद्दे को द्विपक्षीय संबंध से सुधारने की लेकिन इसके बाद कारगिल हुआ।

पाकिस्तान सेना ने operation बद्र के नाम से कुछ मुजाहिददीनो की घुशपैठ कराई और उनका टारगेट था सियाचिन ग्लेशियर।

लेकिन भारतीय सेना ने पाकिस्तान के इस नपाक हरकत को कहीं से भी सफल नहीं होने दिया।

भारत ने operation Vijay launch किया और जिसमें लगभग २००००० सैनिकों ने अपना शौर्य दिखाते हुए कारगिल युद्ध में विजयी हुए।

इस युद्ध में ५२७ सैनिक शहीद हुए।

आज हम उन्हें नमन करते है और उन्हें याद करते है।

जय हिन्द।

एक सीख – खुद के दायरे को बढ़ाइए

एक बार एक आदमी के घर की चाभी खो गया और काफी देर से ढूंढ रहा था।उसका पड़ोसी उसे यू परेशान देखा तो उससे रहा न गया और उसके पास जाकर पूछा क्या हुआ क्यों परेशान हो।उस आदमी ने बोला यार मेरे घर की चाभी खो गई है इसलिए परेशान हो।पड़ोसी ने कहा कोई नहीं भाई दोनों मिल के ढूंढते हैं।काफी देर ढूढने के बावजूद भी जब चाभी नहीं मिली तो परेशान हो कर पड़ोसी ने कहा, भाई तू श्योर तो है ना की चाभी यहीं खोया है।दोस्त ने बोला नहीं चाभी तो वहां गिरी है (अंधेरे की तरफ दिखा के बोला)पड़ोसी झल्ला गया और बोला तो फिर यहां क्यों ढूढ़ रहे हो।उसने कहा क्यों की था लाईट जल रही हैं।यही हमारे जीवन की सच्चाई है कि हम कभी भी सही समस्याओं का निवारण नहीं करते और ना ही हम अपने comfort zone से बाहर निकल पाते है।Like & share

Cryptocurrency – is it a trap?

Cryptocurrency is a digital assets works as medium of exchange.

In 1983 American cryprtographer David chaum conceived an anonymous cryptographic electronic money called ecash.

In 1995 he implemented it through Digicash.

In 1996 NASA published a paper titled how to make a mint: The cryprtography of anonymous electronic cash, describing a cryptocurrency system.

Cryptocurrency work without a central bank so these are the universal currencies.

Neither they are controlled by any central bank nor they have any central server.

Cryptocurrency provided by Block chain.

Block chain is a continuous list of records called block using cryptography.

Currently there are more than 1600 cryptocurrency in the market. Bitcoin one of them very famous.

Bitcoin

It is considered as a first cryptocurrency.

2007-2008 the world was facing financial crisis (Subprime crisis)

That crisis was developed because of mismanagement of financial assets and liabilities which leads to financial crisis.

These happened only because of somebody was controlling something.

It was very bad experience by the world,

As we know that necessity is the mother of invention.

A person name Satoshi Nakamoto (who is Nakamoto?) registered a domain name “bitcoin.org” on 18 August 2008 and published a paper “Bitcoin” a peer to peer electronic cash system. And released the Bitcoin software as open source code in January 2009.

On 3 January 2009 a Bitcoin network was created when Satoshi Nakamoto mined first block of the chain.

On the same day The times chancellor become second to mine Bitcoin and make headline that financial instability because of reserve banking. Published and criticized central banking system.

It has been estimated that Nakamoto had mined almost 1 million Bitcoin in 2010 and disappeared.

Mining of coin started and continue going on….we can see present 1 Bitcoin value in rupees and dollars.

Why these may be trap –

If we look at the history of the world we will find that there were always a tendency of controlling one country to other countries. As we have seen Colonial period. Colonies were used as a marketing place from where they could get resources and market for their production.

Later as time changed the developed countries were bothering about their production and their consumption, they were looking for market so people started to work towards the concept of Globalization (which is good for human development) and through other activities too tried to control and influenced other countries.

Now world has realized that any country can be under control if their economy is in control.

Economy of any country fueled through their currencies because currencies shows people confidence on their government.

So what will happen if anyhow these currencies were eaten out by other currency which is in the control of someone else.

So cryptocurrency may be the best way to utilize this concept of controlling or manupulation as per other interest.

So anything can be possible…

Women in farm sector

According to Food and Agriculture Organization, if women farmers had the same access to resources as men, they would increase output by 20-30% which would mean a dramatic reduction in hunger. This could raise total the agricultural output in developing countries by up to 4%.
  • Swaminathan, the famous agricultural scientist describes that “it was woman who first domesticated crop plants and thereby initiated the art and science of farming”.
  • Women make up about 33% of cultivators and about 47% of agricultural laborers in rural India. Overall, the percentage of rural women who depend on agriculture for their livelihood is as high as 84%.
  • In Census 2015, almost 86% of women farmers are devoid of this property right in land perhaps on account of the patriarchal set up in our society.
  • Women have just a dismal 12.8% of holdings despite being crucial to the whole production chain from farm to market.
  • women in Uttar Pradesh own a little under 18% of the land, and in Kerala it is just 14%. In other words, women can labour on farms but cannot hope to own them.
  • The possibility of collective farming can be encouraged to make women self-reliant. Training and skills imparted to women as has been done by some self-help groups and cooperative-based dairy activities (Saras in Rajasthan and Amul in Gujarat)

Boris Johnson is the next PM of UK

Full name – Alexander Boris de pfeffel Johnson

He is a British politician and leader of the conservative party.

He born in New York City on 19 June 1964.

He Bagan his career in journalism at The times.

In 1994 he joined The daily telegraph Brussel as assistant editor.

In 1999 he left the job and become editor of The spectator till 2005.

From 2001 to 2008 He was Member of Parliament for Henley.

From 2008 to 2016 He was mayor of London.

From 2016 to 2018 served as foreign secretary.

Now he is PM of UK.

Chandrayaan – 2

Chandrayaan is a Sanskrit word means 🌒 moon vehicle.

It is an Indian lunar mission.

15 August 2003 chandrayaan program announced by PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

22 October 2008 Chandrayaan- 1 was launched from satish dhawan space center at sriharikota.

8 November 2008 Chandrayaan -1 enter lunar transfer trajectory.

14 November 2008 the moon impact probe ejects and crashed near the lunar south pole – and confirmed presence of water molecules on Moon’s surface.

28 August 2009 End of the chandrayaan -1 program.

18 September 2008 PM Dr. Manmohan Singh approved chandrayaan-2.

22 July 2019 chandrayaan-2 launched

7 September 2019 soft landing on moon.

Chandrayaan-2 will go to the south polar region of moon, till now none of the country ever gone before in that region.

The south pole of lunar selected because of the larger surface area than north pole.

And there is a possibility of the presence of water in these region.

Chandrayaan-2 attempt to soft landing. It is India’s first space mission to conduct a soft landing on the moon surface and

first in the world to land on the south pole of the moon surface.

India will become 4th country to soft land on lunar surface after US, Russia and China.

Chandrayaan-2 launched by launcher GSLV MK-III.

Chandrayaan-2 contain orbiter, lander and Rover.

Orbiter

will observe lunar surface and maintain communication between earth and lander.

Lander- Vikram

named after Dr. Vikram sarabhai- father of India’s space mission.

Rover- Pratyush

It is 6 wheeled robotic vehicle get energy through Soler panel work for 1 year.

Aim

Main aim of Chandrayaan-2 is to mapping the lunar surface composition.

To understand the origin and evolution of the moon.

As evidence of water molecule discovered by chandrayaan-1 require further studies on the distribution of water molecule on the surface and below the surface of the 🌒.

The Open championship

It is an annual golf tournament organized by The R & A ( The Royal and ancient golf club of st. Andrew).

It is the oldest golf club in the world.

It is one of the four major championship and also oldest in all of four other championship.

  1. Master tournament hosted by Agusta National golf club US in April.
  2. PGA championship hosted by professional golfer association of America in May.
  3. US Open hosted by United States Golf Association (USGA) in US on father’s day (June)
  4. The open championship

The first open championship was played in 1860 in Scotland.

It is the only major championship played outside the US.

The current champion is Shane Lowry

, who won 148th open championship.

Some population data

World population continue to grow since 1950.

In 2019 almost 7.7 billion people in the world.

By 2030 it may be 8.5 Billion.

by 2050 it may be 9.7 billion and 10.5 billion by 2100.

47 least developed countries (32 from sub saharan region) are among the fastest growing in the world.

In population India(1.37 billion- 18% of the world) will surpass China (1.43 billion 19%) by 2027.

In 2019 life expectancy at birth is 72.6 year Will become 77.1 year by 2050.

India’s population 1.37 billion and